Labor Code of the Philippines: An Overview

Presidential Decree No. 442, otherwise known as the Labor Code of the Philippines, revised and consolidated Philippine labor and social laws for the purpose of protecting labor, promoting employment and human resources development and insuring industrial peace and stability based on social justice. It became effective on November 1, 1974.

The Labor Code regulates the following:

(a) pre-employment, such as the hiring and recruitment of workers;

(b) human resources development, which includes the training and employment of apprentices and learners;

(c) conditions of employment, such as working conditions, rest periods, and payment of wages;

(d) health, safety and social welfare benefits;

(e) labor relations, which covers unions, strikes, unfair labor practices and collective bargaining agreements;

(f) post-employment, which covers termination of employment, security of tenure and retirement from the service.

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