Principles in deciding rape cases

A rape case usually involves the word of one person against another. How should a court decide rape cases?

In several cases, the Supreme Court has stated that the following principles should be applied in deciding rape cases:

(1) an accusation of rape can be made with facility; it is difficult to prove but more difficult for the person accused, though innocent, to disprove;

(2) due to the nature of the crime of rape in which only two persons are usually involved, the testimony of the complainant must be scrutinized with extreme caution; and

(3) the evidence for the prosecution must stand or fall on its own merits
and cannot be allowed to draw strength from the weakness of the evidence
for the defense.

Due to the nature of this crime, conviction for rape may be solely based on the complainant’s testimony provided it is credible, natural, convincing, and consistent with human nature and the normal course of things. (People of the Philippines vs. Baraoil, G.R. No. 194608, July 9, 2012).

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s